Can we write about the Global War on Terror (GWOT) in the past tense? With ongoing talk of a return to great power rivalry, the U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan and Iraq, and the primacy of combating a global pandemic, many Western governments are eager to frame the war-on-terror era as over. But even if the formal infrastructure of war retracts, the social relations, logics, and material resources from the planetary war are set to shape our collective futures. Long after the departure of European empires in the mid-20th century, the postcolonial world remained beholden to colonial-era structures and norms. Likewise, the legacies of the GWOT—its laws, language, cultural norms, political hierarchies, and material artifacts— will reverberate across global, national, and local scales in the decades to come. The 9/11 Legacies project presents a diverse set of perspectives from across academia, policy circles, and journalism to reflect on the more enduring, subtle, and (at times) pernicious legacies of 9/11 and the Global War on Terror. The project seeks to answer one overarching question: in what ways will our post-GWOT era be shaped by the Global War on Terror? The 9/11 Legacies project was established on the 20th anniversary of 9/11 by Ameem   Lutfi (Assistant Professor in History and Anthropology, Lahore University of Management Sciences) and Kevin L. Schwartz (Research Fellow, Oriental Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences). The project benefits from funding from the Oriental Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences.
Since the Taliban recaptured Afghanistan in August 2021, the Afghan diaspora in the Global North has been under general suspicion. This is particularly true in Germany, which currently hosts the largest Afghan diaspora community (…)
All Taliban are Pashtuns and all Pashtuns are Taliban?! A Contribution to Differentiation
By: Muska Haqiqat
From Horse Soldiers to Hybrid Conflicts: Unconventional Warfare’s Evolution since 9/11
The stark contrast of the beginning and end of U.S. military operations in Afghanistan forces a reflection on the trajectory of unconventional warfare over two decades of the Global War on Terror. The early (…)
By: Alp Yenen
By: Safiyya Hosein
More than Just Spandex: American Muslim Superheroes and the Global War on Terror
Even though Muslim superheroes have appeared in American comic books since the 1940s, their number grew steadily in the post-9/11 (…)
Policy discussions around counter- terrorism efforts now state a difficult lesson learned of international intervention so common that it has become a trope: tactical fixes don’t fix political problems. You cannot (…)
The Two Most Dangerous Self- Deceptions in Security Sector Reform
By: Abi Watson
By: Rodrigo Augusto Duarte Amaral, Mariana Medeiros Bernussi, Victória Wood Farinelli
The Brazilian Antiterrorism Law: The U.S. Counterterrorism Agenda, International Economic Pressures, and Socio-Political Conveniences.
One of the legacies of September 11th was the imperative to develop locally stricter counterterrorism measures, even in countries historically (…)
© 2023 Oriental Institute, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Kevin L. Schwartz, and Ameem Lutfi
If you are interested in contributing an article for the project, please send a short summary of the proposed topic (no more than 200 words) and brief bio to For all other matters, please contact
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