At the very outset of the 21st century, Osama bin Laden positioned himself, wittingly or unwittingly, with the 9/11 attacks, as one of its likely most important figures. The attacks initially served to undermine multicultural policies in relatively ethnically and religiously (…)
Bin Laden’s Legacy Probably Surpasses His Wildest Dreams
By: James M. Dorsey
When al-Qaeda framed the 9/11 attacks as an Islamic holy war (jihad) and the United States retaliated by invading Afghanistan (2001) and Iraq (2003) and initiating a Global War on Terror, Samuel Huntington’s clash of civilizations thesis between "Islam" and "the West" gained currency (…)
The Rise and Fall of Moderate Islamism as a Political Project: The Legacy of 9/11 in Turkey’s Relations with the West
By: Pelin Ayan Musil
After he stopped being a mujahid during the Soviet-Afghan War but before becoming the most wanted terrorist after the 9/11 attacks, Osama Bin Laden detoured through the Balkans. He traveled to Albania, built an alliance with the mujahideen in the Bosnian War (…)
Islamic Radicalism in the Balkans: From Immigrant Arab Fighters to Emigrant Combatant in Arabia
By: Clément Steuer
US Pressure for Democratization, and Egyptian Political Opportunity Structure since 9/11
By: Asya Metodieva
Following the 9/11 attacks, the Bush administration launched the U.S. and its allies into a “Global War on Terror,” designed and inspired by a neo-conservative worldview. The purpose of the (…)
The Evolution of Armed Drones for Targeted Killing after 9/11
From Yemen to Libya, Syria, and Nagorno-Karabakh, armed drones delivering precision munitions or commercial drones re-engineered into flying bombs by insurgents are changing the security landscape. The Middle (…)
By: Alessandro Arduino
© 2021 Oriental Institute, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Kevin L. Schwartz, and Ameem Lutfi
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